Abaqus

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Abaqus FEA is a software suite for finite element analysis and computer-aided engineering.

Using your own license[edit]

Abaqus is available on Compute Canada clusters, but you must provide your own license. To configure your cluster account, create a file named $HOME/.licenses/abaqus.lic with the following two lines which support versions 2020 and 6.14.1 respectively. This must be done on each cluster where you plan to run abaqus as follows:


File : abaqus.lic

prepend_path("LM_LICENSE_FILE","port@server")
prepend_path("ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE","port@server")


Replace port@server with the port number and name of your Abaqus license server. Your license server must be reachable by our compute nodes, so your firewall will need to be configured appropriately. This usually requires our technical team to get in touch with the technical people managing your license software. Please contact our technical support and we will provide a list of IP addresses used by our clusters and obtain the information we need on the port and IP address of your server.

Cluster job submission[edit]

Below is a sample slurm script for submitting a parallel 4core job to a single compute node using command sbatch myscript.sh:

File : "myscript.sh"

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --time=00-06:00        # days-hrs:mins
#SBATCH --mem=8G               # node memory > 5G
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=4      # number cores > 1
 
module load abaqus/6.14.1      # or abaqus/2020
unset SLURM_GTIDS
export MPI_IC_ORDER='tcp'

abaqus job=test input=sample.inp scratch=$SCRATCH cpus=$SLURM_CPUS_ON_NODE \
   interactive mp_mode=threads \
   memory="$((${SLURM_MEM_PER_NODE}-3072))MB"


Note the last line containing the "memory= " setting is optional. It is mainly intended for larger memory or problematic jobs and may require tuning of the 3072MB default value. A listing of abaqus command line arguments can be obtained by loading an abaqus module and running: abaqus -help | less

Node memory[edit]

An estimate for the total slurm node memory (--mem=) required for a simulation to run fully in ram (without being virtualized to scratch disk) can be obtained by examining the abaqus output test.dat file. For example a simulation that requires a fairly large amount of memory might show:

                   M E M O R Y   E S T I M A T E
  
 PROCESS      FLOATING PT       MINIMUM MEMORY        MEMORY TO
              OPERATIONS           REQUIRED          MINIMIZE I/O
             PER ITERATION           (MB)               (MB)
  
     1          1.89E+14             3612              96345

To run your simulation interactively and monitor the memory consumption do the following:

 1) ssh into a compute canada cluster, obtain an allocation on a compute node (such as gra100), run abaqus ie)
    salloc --time=0:30:00 --cpus-per-task=8 --mem=64G --account=def-piname
    module load abaqus/6.14.1  OR  module load abaqus/2020
    unset SLURM_GTIDS
    abaqus job=test input=Sample.inp scratch=$SCRATCH cpus=8 mp_mode=threads interactive
 2) ssh into the compute canada cluster again, ssh into the compute node with the allocation, run top ie)
    ssh gra100
    top -u $USER
 3) watch the VIRT and RES columns until steady peak memory values are observed

To completely satisfy the recommended "MEMORY TO OPERATIONS REQUIRED MINIMIZE I/O" (MRMIO) value at least the same smount of non-swapped physical memory (RES) must be available to abaqus. Since the RES will in general be less than the virtual memory (VIRT) by some relatively constant amount for a given simulation, it is necessary to slightly over allocate the requested slurm node memory -mem=. In the above sample slurm script this over-allocation has been hardcoded to a conservative value of 3072MB based on initial testing of the standard abaqus solver. To avoid long queue wait times associated with large values of MRMIO, it maybe worth investigating the simulation performance impact associated with reducing the RES memory that is made available to abaqus significantly below the MRMIO. This can be done by lowering the -mem= value which in turn will set an artificially low value of memory= in the abaqus command (found in the last line of the slurm script). In doing this one should be careful the RES does not dip below the "MINIMUM MEMORY REQUIRED" (MMR) otherwise abaqus will exit due to "Out Of Memory" (OOM). As an example, if your MRMIO is 96GB try running a series of short test jobs with #SBATCH --mem=8G, 16G, 32G, 64G until an acceptable minimal performance impact is found, noting that smaller values will result in increasingly larger scratch space use by tmpdir files.

Graphical use[edit]

Abaqus/2020 can be run interactively in graphical mode on a cluster or gra-vdi using VNC by following these steps:

On a cluster[edit]

  1. Connect to a compute node (3hr time limit) with TigerVNC
  2. module load abaqus/2020
  3. abaqus cae -mesa

On gra-vdi[edit]

  1. Connect to gra-vdi (no time limit) with TigerVNC
  2. module load SnEnv
  3. module load abaqus/2020
  4. abaqus cae

o How to check license availability

There must be be at least 1 license not in use for abaqus cae to start according to:

abaqus licensing lmstat -c $ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE -a | grep "Users of cae"

For example, the SHARCNET license has 2 free and 2 reserved licenses. If all 4 are in use the following error message will occur:

[gra-vdi3:~] abaqus licensing lmstat -c $ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE -a | grep "Users of cae"
Users of cae:  (Total of 4 licenses issued;  Total of 4 licenses in use)

[gra-vdi3:~] abaqus cae
ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE=27050@license3.sharcnet.ca
/opt/sharcnet/abaqus/2020/Commands/abaqus cae
No socket connection to license server manager.
Feature:       cae
License path:  27050@license3.sharcnet.ca:
FLEXnet Licensing error:-7,96
For further information, refer to the FLEXnet Licensing documentation,
or contact your local Abaqus representative.
Number of requested licenses: 1
Number of total licenses:     4
Number of licenses in use:    2
Number of available licenses: 2
Abaqus Error: Abaqus/CAE Kernel exited with an error.

Site specific use[edit]

Sharcnet license[edit]

Sharcnet provides a small but free license consisting of 2cae and 21 execute tokens where usage limits are imposed 10 tokens/user and 15 tokens/group. For groups that have purchased dedicated tokens the free token usage limits are added to their reservation. The free tokens are available on a first come first serve basis and mainly intended for testing and light usage before deciding whether or not to purchase dedicated tokens. The costs for dedicated tokens in cdn are approximately 110 per compute token and 400 per gui token, submit a ticket to request an official quote. The license can be used by any Compute Canada member but only on SHARCNET hardware. Groups that purchase dedicated tokens to run on the SHARCNET license server may likewise only use them on SHARCNET hardware. Such hardware includes gra-vdi for running abaqus in full graphical mode and graham cluster for submitting compute batch jobs to the queue. Before you can use the license you must open ticket at <support@computecanada.ca> and request access. In your email 1) mention that it is for use on Sharcnet systems and 2) include a copy/paste of the following License Agreement statement with your full name and Compute Canada username entered in the indicated locations. Please note that every user must do this ie) cannot be done one time only for a group (including PIs who have purchased their own dedicated tokens).

o License agreement

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Subject: Abaqus Sharcnet Academic License User Agreement

This email is to confirm that i "_____________" with username "___________" will
only use “SIMULIA Academic Software” with tokens from the SHARCNET license server
for the following purposes:

1) on SHARCNET hardware where the software is already installed
2) in affiliation with a canadian degree-granting academic institution
3) for education, institutional or instruction purposes and not for any commercial
   or contract related purposes where results are not publishable
4) for experimental, theoretical and/or digital research work, undertaken primarily
   to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable
   facts, up to the point of proof-of-concept in a laboratory    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

o Configure license file

Configure your license file as follows, noting that it is only usable on SHARCNET systems: graham, gra-vdi and dusky.

[gra-login1:~] cat ~/.licenses/abaqus.lic
prepend_path("LM_LICENSE_FILE","27050@license3.sharcnet.ca")
prepend_path("ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE","27050@license3.sharcnet.ca")

If your abaqus jobs fail with error message [*** ABAQUS/eliT_CheckLicense rank 0 terminated by signal 11 (Segmentation fault)] in the slurm output file verify your abaqus.lic file contains ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE to use abaqus/2020. If your abaqus jobs fail with error message starting [License server machine is down or not responding etc] in the output file verify your abaqus.lic file contains LM_LICENSE_FILE to use abaqus/6.14.1 as shown. The abaqus.lic file shown contains both so you should not see this problem.

o Check license status

To query the sharcnet license server for started jobs, queued jobs, and reservations by purchasing groups run:

ssh graham.computecanada.ca
module load abaqus
abaqus licensing lmstat -c $LM_LICENSE_FILE -a | grep "Users\|start\|queued\|RESERVATIONs"

When abaqus licensing lmstat shows your job is "queued" this means it has entered the "R"unning state from the perspective of either the squeue -j jobid or sacct -j jobid commands but is waiting for a license (not started) and therefore idle. This will have the same impact on your account priority as if the job were consuming cputime and thus should be avoided. When abaqus licensing lmstat indicates the job is in the "start" state then it has acquired the required abaqus tokens from the license and consuming cputime ...

o Specify job resources

To ensure optimal usage of both your Abaqus tokens and the Compute Canada resources its important to carefully specify the required memory and ncpus in your slurm script. The values can be determined by submitting a few short test jobs to the queue then checking their utilization. For completed jobs use seff JobNumber to show the total "Memory Utilized" and "Memory Efficiency"; If the "Memory Efficiency" is less than ~90% decrease the value of "#SBATCH --mem=" setting in your slurm script accordingly. Notice that the seff JobNumber command also shows the total "CPU (time) Utilized" and "CPU Efficiency"; If the "CPU Efficiency" is less than ~90% perform scaling tests to determine the optimal number of cpu's for optimal performance and then update the value of then update the value of "#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=" in your slurm script. For running jobs use the srun --jobid=29821580 --pty top -d 5 -u $USER command to watch the %CPU, %MEM and RES for each abaqus parent process on the compute node; The %CPU and %MEM columns display the percent usage relative to the total available on the node while the RES column shows the per process resident memory size (in human readable format for values over 1gb). Further information regarding howto Monitor Jobs is available in the Compute Canada wiki.

o Core token mapping

TOKENS 5  6  7  8  10  12  14  16  19  21  25  28  34  38
CORES  1  2  3  4   6   8  12  16  24  32  48  64  96 128

where TOKENS = floor[5 X CORES^0.422]

o Using your license

To use your own license server (instead of the default SHARCNET license) on gra-vdi as described in the "Gra-vdi graphical use" section above, run command export ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE="port@server" after loading the abaqus module and before running abaqus cae.

Western license[edit]

The Western site license may only be used by Western researchers on hardware located at Western's campus. Currently Dusky cluster is the only system that satisfies these conditions. Graham and gra-vdi are excluded since they are located on Waterloo's campus. Contact the Western abaqus license server administrator <jmilner@robarts.ca> to inquire about using the Western abaqus license. You will need to provide your Compute Canada username and possibly make arrangements to purchase tokens. If you are granted access then you may proceed to configure your abaqus.lic file to point to the Western license server as follows:

o Configure license file

Configure your license file as follows, noting that it is only usable on dusky.

[dus241:~] cat .licenses/abaqus.lic
prepend_path("LM_LICENSE_FILE","27000@license4.sharcnet.ca")
prepend_path("ABAQUSLM_LICENSE_FILE","27000@license4.sharcnet.ca")

Once configured, submit your jobd as described above in the Cluster job submission section. If there are any problems submit a problem ticket to technical support. Specify that you are using the abaqus Western license on dusky as well as the failed job number along with a paste of any error message if applicable.

Message Passing Interface