CUDA

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"CUDA® is a parallel computing platform and programming model developed by NVIDIA for general computing on graphical processing units (GPUs)."[1]

It is reasonable to think of CUDA as a set of libraries and associated C, C++, and Fortran compilers that enable you to write code for GPUs. See OpenACC Tutorial for another set of GPU programming tools.

Quick start guide

Here we show a simple example of how to use the CUDA C/C++ language compiler, nvcc, and run code created with it. For a longer tutorial in CUDA programming, see CUDA tutorial.

First, load a CUDA module.

$ module purge
$ module load cuda

The following program will add two numbers together on a GPU. Save the file as add.cu. The cu file extension is important!.


File : add.cu

#include <iostream>

__global__ void add (int *a, int *b, int *c){
  *c = *a + *b;
}

int main(void){
  int a, b, c;
  int *dev_a, *dev_b, *dev_c;
  int size = sizeof(int);
  
  //  allocate device copies of a,b, c
  cudaMalloc ( (void**) &dev_a, size);
  cudaMalloc ( (void**) &dev_b, size);
  cudaMalloc ( (void**) &dev_c, size);
  
  a=2; b=7;
  //  copy inputs to device
  cudaMemcpy (dev_a, &a, size, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice);
  cudaMemcpy (dev_b, &b, size, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice);
  
  // launch add() kernel on GPU, passing parameters
  add <<< 1, 1 >>> (dev_a, dev_b, dev_c);
  
  // copy device result back to host
  cudaMemcpy (&c, dev_c, size, cudaMemcpyDeviceToHost);
  std::cout<<a<<"+"<<b<<"="<<c<<std::endl;
  
  cudaFree ( dev_a ); cudaFree ( dev_b ); cudaFree ( dev_c );
}


Compile the program with nvcc to create an executable named add.

$ nvcc add.cu -o add

To run the program, create a Slurm job script as shown below. Be sure to replace def-someuser with your specific account (see accounts and projects). For options relating to scheduling jobs with GPUs see Using GPUs with Slurm.

File : gpu_job.sh

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --account=def-someuser
#SBATCH --gres=gpu:1              # Number of GPUs (per node)
#SBATCH --mem=400M                # memory (per node)
#SBATCH --time=0-00:10            # time (DD-HH:MM)
./add #name of your program


Submit your GPU job to the scheduler with this command.

$ sbatch gpu_job.sh
Submitted batch job 3127733
For more information about the sbatch command and running and monitoring jobs see Running jobs.

Once your job has finished you should see an output file similar to this.

$ cat slurm-3127733.out
2+7=9

If you run this without a GPU present you might see output like 2+7=0.

To learn more about how the above program works and how to make the use of a GPUs parallelism see CUDA tutorial.

  1. Nvidia CUDA Home Page. CUDA is a registered trademark of NVIDIA.