Lumerical

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Lumerical is a suite of applications for modelling nanophotonic devices, which includes FDTD Solutions.

Installation[edit]

FDTD Solutions is now available as part of the Lumerical package. Compute Canada does not have a central installation of the Lumerical suite or FDTD Solutions. However, if you are licensed to use the software, you can install it following the instructions below.

If you have downloaded whole Lumerical suite (e.g. filename: Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.tar.gz), follow the instructions in sections "Installing Lumerical" and "Using the Lumerical module". If you have downloaded FDTD Solutions on it's own (e.g. filename: FDTD_Solutions-8.19.1438.tar.gz), follow the instructions in sections "Installing FDTD Solutions" and "Using the fdtd_solutions module".

Installing Lumerical[edit]

In case the installer release matches that of the recipe[edit]

To install the Lumerical suite run the command

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[name@server ~]$ eb Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.eb --sourcepath=<path> --disable-enforce-checksums

where path is the path to the folder containing the .tar.gz file to install Lumerical on Linux.

In case the installer release does not match that of the recipe[edit]

With a different 2020a release than 2020a-r1-d316eeda68, run

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[name@server ~]$ eb Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.eb --try-software-version=<version> --sourcepath=<path> --disable-enforce-checksums

For example, if Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.eb.tar.gz is downloaded in $HOME/scratch, the following command will install Lumerical within your $HOME/.local folder.

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[name@server ~]$ eb Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.eb --try-software-version=2020a-r6-aabbccdd --sourcepath=$HOME/scratch --disable-enforce-checksums

It is important that the version of the installation recipe (year plus 'a' or 'b') needs to exactly match that of the installer. If either the letter or the year changes (e.g. from 2020a to 2020b), we will need to adapt the installation script to the new version.

As of April 1st, 2020 we have the following installation recipes available:

Installation recipe Intended for Installer Compatible with Installers
Lumerical-2019b-r6-1db3676.eb Lumerical-2019b-r6-1db3676.tar.gz Lumerical-2019b-*.tar.gz
Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.eb Lumerical-2020a-r1-d316eeda68.tar.gz Lumerical-2020a-*.tar.gz

If this does not work, please contact our Technical support and we will adapt an installation recipe for your version.

Once installed, you will need to log out and back into the server. To load the Lumerical module, use

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[name@server ~]$ module load lumerical


Configuring your own license file[edit]

The Lumerical module will look for the file $HOME/.licenses/lumerical.lic to determine how to contact the license server. Create the file with the following content, adjusting 27011@license01.example.com to the port and hostname of your license server.

-- copy this file to $HOME/.licenses/lumerical.lic
setenv("LUMERICL_LICENSE_FILE", "27011@license01.example.com")

Installing FDTD Solutions[edit]

To install FDTD Solutions, run the command

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[name@server ~]$ eb FDTD_Solutions-8.19.1438.eb --sourcepath=<path> --disable-enforce-checksums

where path is the path to the folder containing the .tar.gz file to install FDTD Solutions on Linux.

With a version other than 8.19.1438, run

Question.png
[name@server ~]$ eb FDTD_Solutions-8.19.1438.eb --try-software-version=<version> --sourcepath=<path> --disable-enforce-checksums

For example, if FDTD_Solutions-8.19.1466.tar is downloaded in $HOME/Downloads, the following command will install FDTD Solution within your $HOME/.local folder.

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[name@server ~]$ eb FDTD_Solutions-8.19.1438.eb --try-software-version=8.19.1466 --sourcepath=$HOME/Downloads --disable-enforce-checksums

If this does not work, please contact our Technical support and we will adapt an installation script for your version.

Once installed, you will need to log out and back into the server. To load the FDTD module, use

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[name@server ~]$ module load fdtd_solutions

You will also need to set up your installation to use your license server. Start the software first on a login node; it should ask you for information about the license server. You will only need to do this once.

Using the software[edit]

The main difference between the modules fdtd_solutions and lumerical, beside the fact that the Lumerical module contains additional tools, is that the environment variable that contains the install location is named EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS and EBROOTLUMERICAL respectively. This means scripts written for one module should be adjusted for the other by replacing the name of the module in the module load ... line and replacing EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS with EBROOTLUMERICAL or vice versa.

Using the Lumerical module[edit]

The MPI implementation provided by Lumerical is not tightly coupled with our scheduler. Because of this, you should use options --ntasks-per-node=1 and --cpus-per-task=32 when submitting a job.

Your submission script should look like the following example, where two nodes are requested for 30 minutes. You can adjust the time limit and the node count to fit your needs.

File : lumrical_job.sh

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --time=0:30:00            # time limit (D-HH:MM:SS)
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1       # do not change this number
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=32        # adjust to number of cores per node
#SBATCH --ntasks=2       # the same number as nodes, one task per node
#SBATCH --nodes=2
#SBATCH --mem=0          # special value, requests all memory on node
module load lumerical

MPI=$EBROOTLUMERICAL/mpich2/nemesis/bin/mpiexec
MY_PROG=$EBROOTLUMERICAL/bin/fdtd-engine-mpich2nem

INPUT="avalanche_photodetector_optical.fsp"
NCORE=$((SLURM_NTASKS * SLURM_CPUS_PER_TASK))

$MPI -n $NCORE $MY_PROG ./${INPUT}


Using the fdtd_solutions module[edit]

The MPI implementation provided by FDTD is not tightly coupled with our scheduler. Because of this, you should use options --ntasks-per-node=1 and --cpus-per-task=32 when submitting a job.

Your submission script should look like the following example, where two nodes are requested for one hour. You can adjust the time limit and the node count to fit your needs.


File : fdtd_solutions.sh

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --time=0:30:00            # time limit (D-HH:MM:SS)
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1    # do not change this number
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=32     # do not change this number
#SBATCH --ntasks=2    # the same number as nodes, one task per node
#SBATCH --nodes=2
#SBATCH --mem=0       # special value, requests all memory on node
module load fdtd_solutions
MPI=$EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS/mpich2/nemesis/bin/mpiexec
MY_PROG=$EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS/bin/fdtd-engine-mpich2nem

INPUT="benchmark2.fsp"
NCORE=$((SLURM_NTASKS * SLURM_CPUS_PER_TASK))
$MPI -n $NCORE $MY_PROG ./${INPUT}


Templates[edit]

Note: This section is intended for use with the "fdtd_solutions" module and has not been adapted for "lumerical".

If you are performing a lot of simulations, you may find it inefficient to edit the job submission script for each simulation. You can use template submission scripts to improve this.

For example:

  • Create directory $HOME/bin and put the main script fdtd-run.sh (see below) there.
  • Create directory $HOME/bin/templates and put the job submission template script fdtd-mpi-template.sh and process template script fdtd-process-template.sh there.

fdtd-mpi-template.sh is basically a shell of the fdtd_solutions.sh script shown above and fdtd-process-template.sh determines the computing resources you need.

To submit a job, run

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[name@server ~]$ fdtd-run.sh fsp1 [fsp2 ...]

This will use the 32 cores on a single standard node. If you want to use more cores, request multiple nodes like so:

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[name@server ~]$ fdtd-run.sh -nn <nodes> fsp1 [fsp2 ...]
File : fdtd-run.sh

#!/bin/bash
# This script will create a Slurm-style job submission script for
# FDTD Solutions project files using the template provided in
# templates/fdtd-mpi-template.sh. Certain tags in the template
# file are replaced with values extracted from the project file.
#
# The calling convention for this script is:
#
# fdtd-run.sh [-nn <nodes>] fsp1 [fsp2 ... fspN]
#
# The arguments are as follows:
#
# -nn       The number of nodes to use for the job(s).
#           If no argument is given one node is used.
#
# fsp*      An FDTD Solutions project file. One is required, but
#           multiple can be specified on one command line.
#
##########################################################################

# Locate the directory of this script so we can find
# utility scripts and templates relative to this path.
module load fdtd_solutions
SCRIPTDIR=$EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS/bin

# The location of the template file to use when submitting jobs.
# The line below can be changed to use your own template file.
TEMPLATE=../bin/templates/fdtd-mpi-template.sh

# Number of processes per node.
PROCS=32

# Number of nodes to use. Default is 1 if no -nn argument is given.
NODES=1
if [ "$1" = "-nn" ]; then
    NODES=$2
    shift
    shift
fi

# For each fsp file listed on the command line, generate the
# submission script and submit it with sbatch.
while(( $# > 0 ))
do

    # Generate the submission script by replacing the tokens in the template.
    # Additional arguments can be added to fdtd-process-template to fine-tune
    # the memory and time estimates. See comments in that file for details.
    SHELLFILE=${1%.fsp}.sh
    ../bin/templates/fdtd-process-template.sh -ms 500 $1 $TEMPLATE $((PROCS)) > $SHELLFILE
    TOTAL_MEM=$(head -n 1 $SHELLFILE)
    sed -i -e '1,1d' $SHELLFILE

    # Submit the job script.
    echo Submitting: $SHELLFILE
    echo Total Memory Required = $TOTAL_MEM
    sbatch --nodes=${NODES} --ntasks=${NODES} --cpus-per-task=${PROCS} --mem=${TOTAL_MEM} $SHELLFILE

    shift
done



File : fdtd-mpi-template.sh

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --time=<hours>:<minutes>:<seconds>
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1

module load fdtd_solutions
MPI=$EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS/mpich2/nemesis/bin/mpiexec
MY_PROG=$EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS/bin/fdtd-engine-mpich2nem

INPUT="<filename>"
NCORE=$((SLURM_NTASKS * SLURM_CPUS_PER_TASK))
$MPI -n $NCORE $MY_PROG ./${INPUT}



File : fdtd-process-template.sh

#!/bin/bash
# This script is used to replace tags in a submission script template with
# actual values from an FDTD Solutions project file. The script is called
# with the following arguments:
#
# fdtd-process-template.sh [options] <fsp file> <template file> <#processes>
#
# Valid options are:
#
# -r <rate>            The simulation rate in MNodes/s used in time estimates.
#                      If no option is given the default is 4MNodes/s/process
#                      which is very conservative.
#
# -tm <min_time>       The minimum time in seconds that the simulation can take. 
#                      If no option is given the default is 600 seconds.
#
# -ms <memory_safety>  A multiplicative factor to apply to the memory estimate in %.
#                      If no option is given the default value is 110.
#
# -mm <memory_min>     The minimum memory that a process can use. 
#                       If no option is given the default is 20MB.
#
# The script will replace the following tokens in the template file with specified values:
#
# Token                Value
# <total_memory>       The total memory required by all processes
# <processor_memory>   The memory required for each simulation process
# <hours>              The total hours required for the simulation
# <minutes>            The total minutes required for the simulation
# <seconds>            The total seconds required for the simulation
# <n>                  The number of processes to use
# <dir_fsp>            The path of the fsp project file
# <filename>           The name of the fsp project file, without a leading path
#
############################################################################################

#Rate default
RATE=4

#Minimum time default
TIME_MIN=600

#Memory safety default
MEMORY_SAFETY=110

#Minimum memory default
MEMORY_MIN=20

#Process command line options
while [ $# -gt 3 ] ; do
    case $1 in
        -r) RATE=$2
         ;;
        -tm) TIME_MIN=$2
         ;;
        -ms) MEMORY_SAFETY=$2
         ;;
        -mm) MEMORY_MIN=$2
         ;;
    esac
    shift
    shift
done

#Number of processes
PROCS=$3

#Path of fsp file
DIRFSP=`dirname $1`

#fsp file name without path
FILENAME=`basename $1`

#Run FDTD to get stats from project file
module load fdtd_solutions
SCRIPTDIR=$EBROOTFDTD_SOLUTIONS/bin
$SCRIPTDIR/fdtd-engine-mpich2nem -mr $1 > $1.tmp

#Estimated memory
ESTMEM=`grep memory $1.tmp | sed 's/^.*=//'`

#Total memory required
TOTALMEM=$(( ESTMEM * MEMORY_SAFETY / 100 ))

#Memory required per process
PROCMEM=$((TOTALMEM / PROCS))
if [ "$PROCMEM" -lt "$MEMORY_MIN" ]; then
    PROCMEM=$MEMORY_MIN
fi

#Gridpoints
GRIDPTS=`grep gridpoints $1.tmp | sed 's/^.*=//'`

#Timesteps
TIMESTEPS=`grep time_steps $1.tmp | sed 's/^.*=//'`

#Estimated time
TIME=$(( GRIDPTS * TIMESTEPS / PROCS / RATE / 10000000 ))
if [ "$TIME" -lt "$TIME_MIN" ]; then
    TIME=$TIME_MIN
fi

HOUR=$((TIME / 3600))
MINSEC=$((TIME - HOUR * 3600))
MIN=$((MINSEC / 60))
SEC=$((MINSEC - MIN * 60))

echo $TOTALMEM

#The replacements
sed -e "s#<total_memory>#$TOTALMEM#g" \
    -e "s#<processor_memory>#$PROCMEM#g" \
    -e "s#<hours>#$HOUR#g" \
    -e "s#<minutes>#$MIN#g" \
    -e "s#<seconds>#$SEC#g" \
    -e "s#<n>#$PROCS#g" \
    -e "s#<dir_fsp>#$DIRFSP#g" \
    -e "s#<filename>#$FILENAME#g" \
    $2


Message Passing Interface